Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

A Dynamical State Space Representation and Performance Analysis of a Feedback-Controlled Rotary Left Ventricular Assist Device

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Simaan, M.A. ; Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL ; Ferreira, A. ; Shaohi Chen ; Antaki, J.F.
more authors

The left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a mechanical device that can assist an ailing heart in performing its functions. The latest generation of such devices is comprised of rotary pumps which are generally much smaller, lighter, and quieter than the conventional pulsatile pumps. The rotary pumps are controlled by varying the rotor (impeller) speed. If the patient is in a health care facility, the pump speed can be adjusted manually by a trained clinician to meet the patient's blood needs. However, an important challenge facing the increased use of these LVADs is the desire to allow the patient to return home. The development of an appropriate feedback controller for the pump speed is therefore crucial to meet this challenge. In addition to being able to adapt to changes in the patient's daily activities by automatically regulating the pump speed, the controller must also be able to prevent the occurrence of excessive pumping (known as suction) which may cause collapse of the ventricle. In this paper we will discuss some theoretical and practical issues associated with the development of such a controller. As a first step, we present and validate a state-space mathematical model, based on a nonlinear equivalent circuit flow model, which represents the interaction of the pump with the left ventricle of the heart. The associated model is a six-dimensional vector of time varying nonlinear differential equations. The time variation occurs over four consecutive intervals representing the contraction, ejection, relaxation, and filling phases of the left ventricle. The pump in the model is represented by a nonlinear differential equation which relates the pump rotational speed and the pump flow to the pressure difference across the pump. Using this model, we discuss a feedback controller which adjusts the pump speed based on the slope of the minimum pump flow signal, which is one of the model state variables that can be measured. The objective of the controller is - - to increase the speed until the envelope of the minimum pump flow signal reaches an extreme point and maintain it afterwards. Simulation results using the model equipped with this feedback controller are presented for two different scenarios of patient activities. Performance of the controller when measurement noise is added to the pump flow signal is also investigated.

Published in:

Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2009

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.