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Analog DFT Processors for OFDM Receivers: Circuit Mismatch and System Performance Analysis

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3 Author(s)
Nima Sadeghi ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Vincent C. Gaudet ; Christian Schlegel

An N-symbol discrete Fourier transform (N -DFT) processor based on analog CMOS current mirrors that operate in the strong inversion region is presented. It is shown that transistor mismatch can be modeled as an input-referred noise source that can be used in system-level studies. Simulations of a radix-2, 256-symbol fast Fourier transform (FFT) show that the model produces equivalent results to those of a model that incorporates a mismatch term into each current mirror. It is shown that in general, high-radix FFT structures and specifically the full-radix DFT have reduced sensitivity to mismatch and a reduced number of current mirrors compared to radix-2 structures and have some key advantages in terms of transistor count with respect to comparable digital implementations. Simulations of an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing system with forward error control coding, that take into account current mirror nonidealities such as mismatch, show that an analog DFT front end loses only 0.5 dB with respect to an ideal circuit.

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IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 9 )