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Basic characteristic of electromagnetic force in induction heating application of single-sided linear induction motor (SLIM) which uses electromagnetic AC field is investigated by means of 2-D and 3-D numerical electromagnetic FEM calculation. The electromagnetic force in the normal direction consists of the attractive force caused by magnetization and the repelling force caused by Lorentz force. Although the normal force is canceled by them and becomes zero at crossover frequency, the value is different, which is 2 kHz in 2-D model and is 5 kHz in 3-D one respectively. Since 2-D model expresses only center section of 3-D model and can not express the complex behavior of the eddy current in the whole model, the repelling force caused by Lorentz force is considered to be overestimated when the electromagnetic force value of 2-D model is converted into 3-D one. As a result, the crossover frequency of 3-D model becomes large in comparison with 2-D one. This means that an evaluation by using 3-D model is demanded in order to correctly evaluate the crossover frequency. On the other hand, at low frequency in which the attractive force caused by magnetization becomes dominant, the normal forces of the 2-D and 3-D model are in good agreement. This means that the evaluation by using 2-D model is effective at low frequency.