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High Step-Up Active-Clamp Converter With Input-Current Doubler and Output-Voltage Doubler for Fuel Cell Power Systems

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2 Author(s)
Jung-Min Kwon ; Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Pohang Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Pohang ; Bong-Hwan Kwon

A high-efficiency high step-up DC-DC converter is proposed for fuel cell power systems. The proposed system consists of an input-current doubler, an output-voltage doubler, and an active-clamp circuit. The input-current doubler and the output-voltage doubler provide a much higher voltage conversion ratio without using a high turns ratio in the transformer and increase the overall efficiency. A series-resonant circuit of the output-voltage doubler removes the reverse-recovery problem of the rectifying diodes. The active-clamp circuit clamps the surge voltage of switches and recycles the energy stored in the leakage inductance of the transformer. The operation principle of the converter is analyzed and verified. A 1 kW prototype is implemented to show the performance of the proposed converter. The prototype achieved a European efficiency of 96% at an input voltage of 30 V.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 1 )