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A Wind and Rain Backscatter Model Derived From AMSR and SeaWinds Data

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2 Author(s)
Seth N. Nielsen ; Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept., Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT ; David G. Long

The SeaWinds scatterometer was originally designed to measure wind vectors over the ocean by exploiting the relationship between wind-induced surface roughening and the normalized radar backscatter cross section. Rain can degrade scatterometer wind estimation; however, the simultaneous wind/rain (SWR) algorithm was developed to enable SeaWinds to simultaneously retrieve wind and rain rate data. This algorithm is based on colocating data from the Precipitation Radar on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission and SeaWinds on QuikSCAT. This paper develops a new wind and rain radar backscatter model for SWR using colocated data from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR) and SeaWinds aboard the Advanced Earth Observing Satellite II. This paper accounts for rain height in the model in order to calculate surface rain rate from the integrated rain rate. The performance of SWR using the new wind/rain model is measured by comparison of wind vectors and rain rates to the previous SWR algorithm, AMSR rain rates, and National Center for Environmental Prediction numerical weather prediction winds. The new SWR algorithm produces more accurate rain estimates and improved winds, and detects rain with a low false alarm rate.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 6 )