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Timing-related failures in high-performance integrated circuits are being increasingly dominated by small-delay defects (SDDs). Such delay faults are caused by process variations, crosstalk, power-supply noise, and defects such as resistive shorts and opens. Recently, the concept of output deviations has been presented as a surrogate long-path coverage metric for SDDs. However, this approach is focused only on delay variations for logic gates and it ignores chip layout, interconnect defects, and delay variations on interconnects. We present a layout-aware output deviations metric that can easily handle interconnect delay variations. Experimental results show that interconnect-delay variations can have a significant impact on the long paths that must be targeted for the detection of SDDs. For the same pattern count, the proposed pattern-grading and pattern-selection method is more effective than a commercial timing-aware ATPG tool for SDDs, and requires considerably less CPU time.
Test Conference, 2008. ITC 2008. IEEE International
Date of Conference: 28-30 Oct. 2008