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Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems suffer performance degradation in fast fading channels due to intercarrier interference (ICI). Combining frequency domain equalization and bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM), the iterative receiver is able to harvest both temporal and frequency diversity. In order to perform coherent detection and estimation, channel state information (CSI) is indispensable. Being able to accurately and effectively acquire CSI in the fast time-varying channel is critical. Conventional frequency domain channel estimation (CE) methods have an irreducible error floor at high normalized Doppler frequency fdTs, since ICI corrupts the orthogonality among subcarriers. Considering that the fast time-varying channel is also a source of temporal diversity, CE ought to take place in the pre-FFT time domain. Realizing channel variations in time are often smooth, this paper proposes a time domain channel estimator using pilot symbol assisted modulation (PSAM) with complexity O(N), where N is the FFT size. Simulation results demonstrate that a PSAM system with channel estimation provides excellent trade-off between performance, complexity and spectral efficiency.
Date of Conference: 15-18 Sept. 2008