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Experimental results of localization of moving underwater signal by adaptive beamforming

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3 Author(s)
Gershman, A.B. ; Signal Theor. Dept., Ruhr-Univ., Bochum, Germany ; Turchin, V.I. ; Zverev, V.A.

The problem of weak moving signal localization and tracking in the presence of single motionless strong interference is investigated using real data of an underwater experiment in the Baltic sea (Sept. 1990) with a horizontal receiving array of 64 hydrophones and with two independent powerful narrowband sources imitating the signal and interference. Three simple adaptive beamforming methods were employed for the experimental data processing. The first one is based on the well-known projection approach to adaptive beamforming, the second method uses the adaptive canceler approach (also termed the dipole pattern method), and the third method combines these approaches. The signal-to-interference power ratio (SIR) threshold of the signal localization and tracking is evaluated by a special technique, which allows examination of the considered algorithms with change of the SIR in consecutive order. The results of the data processing show the high possibilities of signal localization in the presence of strong interference. The combined method performs better than the methods considered and enables localization of the signal source up to an SIR≃-25 dB

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 10 )