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Multirate modeling of AR/MA stochastic signals and its application to the combined estimation-interpolation problem

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2 Author(s)
Chen, Bor-Sen ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; You-Li Chen

The use of the Kalman filter is investigated in this work for interpolating and estimating values of an AR or MA stochastic signal when only a noisy, down-sampled version of the signal can be measured. A multirate modeling theory of the AR/MA stochastic signals is first derived from a block state-space viewpoint. The missing samples are embedded in the state vector so that missing signal reconstruction problem becomes a state estimation scheme. Next, Kalman state estimation theory is introduced to treat the combined estimation-interpolation problem. Some extensions are also discussed for variations of the original basic problem. The proposed Kalman reconstruction filter can be also applied toward recovering missing speech packets in a packet switching network with packet interleaving configuration. By analysis of state estimation theory, the proposed Kalman reconstruction filters produce minimum-variance estimates of the original signals. Simulation results indicate that the multirate Kalman reconstruction filters possess better estimation/interpolation performances than a Wiener reconstruction filter under adequate numerical complexity

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 10 )