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A Distributed Differentially Space-Time-Frequency Coded OFDM for Asynchronous Cooperative Systems with Low Probability of Interception

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2 Author(s)
Zheng Li ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE ; Xiang-Gen Xia

Recently, Li, Hwu and Ratazzi have proposed a physical-layer security design to guarantee low probability of interception (LPI) for MIMO systems without relying on upper- layer data encryption. The proposed scheme utilizes antenna array redundancy to deliberately randomize the transmitted signals to prevent eavesdropping. Motivated by their idea, in this paper we design a physical-layer transmission scheme to achieve LPI in cooperative systems. There are two major differences in cooperative systems: 1) each relay node may have only one antenna that can not provide antenna array redundancy for signal randomization; 2) there may exist timing errors due to the asynchronous nature of the cooperative systems. Considering the two differences, we propose a distributed differentially space- time-frequency coded OFDM transmission scheme with deliberate signal randomization to prevent eavesdropping and exploit the available spatial and frequency diversities in asynchronous cooperative systems. We use unitary codes to perform the differential encoding in the frequency domain across several OFDM blocks. By some deliberate signal randomization, the eavesdropper can not detect the transmitted symbols. However, the authorized receiver can perform differential decoding successfully without the knowledge of the channels or the timing errors.

Published in:

IEEE GLOBECOM 2008 - 2008 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference

Date of Conference:

Nov. 30 2008-Dec. 4 2008