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Analytical stability analysis of dark and bright self-guided waves in layered self-defocusing nonlinear media

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2 Author(s)
Chen, Y. ; Opt. Sci. Centre, Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra, ACT, Australia ; Atai, J.

We present an analytical stability analysis on dark (black and gray) self-guided waves and the fundamental state of the bright self-guided waves with nonzero intensity background trapped in a thin self-defocusing nonlinear film bounded by an infinite self- defocusing medium of different nonlinearity. It is found that the gray self-guided wave and the fundamental state of the bright self-guided waves with nonzero intensity background are stable to both symmetric and asymmetric perturbations, whereas the black self-guided wave is stable to symmetric perturbation but unstable to asymmetric perturbation (in contrast to the corresponding one in a uniform self-defocusing medium). For the nonlinear waveguides with the linear refractive index nc, in the cladding smaller than that nf the film the instability of the black self-guided waves is shown to result from the presence of the complex growth rate, while the instability for that trapped in a hollow waveguide (ncc>nf) may arise from the presence of either real or complex growth rate, depending on the waveguide parameters

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 10 )