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The random phase transducer: a new technique for incoherent processing-experimental results

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3 Author(s)
Laugier, P. ; Lab. de Biophys., Paris, France ; Fink, M. ; Abouelkaram, S.

Ultrasonic speckle is an inherent consequence of the stochastic nature of the reflectivity of biological tissues. Speckle is a source of noise on envelope detected echoes as well as on the power spectra. A technique where the spatial coherence of the transducer is controlled by moving a random phase screen (RPS) through the ultrasonic beam is described. An RPS that is a rough surface generating phase shifts that are randomly distributed between 0 and 2 pi is presented. Measurements with unfocused and focused transducers working in broadband pulse-echo mode were performed. Experimental results on the directivity pattern and the ability of the system to obtain uncorrelated speckle patterns are presented. The performance of the RPS in SNR improvements is discussed. Experimental results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions.<>

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 2 )