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Nowadays, ontologies have become a common component of natural language processing systems as well as of many others. Nevertheless, in spite of the existing explosion of ontological resources, they have been developed without a rigorous methodological approach. Furthermore the usage of semantic relations between concepts has been so subjective that has led to errors affecting the coherence of these ontologies. In this article, we introduce a methodology for the construction of ontological linguistic resources based on software engineering, and develop the first of its 3 stages, introducing notions of knowledge organization and control of semantic relations for the gradual and systematic development of well-designed and coherent ontologies.