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The positive feedback-based anti-islanding scheme has become a common anti-islanding protection technique for inverter-based distributed generators (DGs). This paper investigates the scheme's impact on the small-signal stability of multiple inverter-based DGs installed in power distribution systems during grid-connected operation. The interactions among multiple-DGs due to the anti-islanding scheme are also addressed. An index is proposed to quantify the destabilizing effect of the aggregated positive feedback activities of multiple DGs. This paper further introduces a DG power transfer limit versus islanding detection time curve to reveal the conflicting requirements of anti-islanding protection speed and the maximum power transfer of multi-DG systems.
Date of Publication: May 2009