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Time-Reversal Detection Using Antenna Arrays

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2 Author(s)
Yuanwei Jin ; Dept. of Eng. & Aviation Sci., Univ. of Maryland Eastern Shore, Princess Anne, MD ; Moura, J.M.F.

The paper studies detection of a target buried in a rich scattering medium by time reversal. We use a multi-static configuration with receive and transmit arrays of antennas. In time reversal, the backscattered field is recorded, time reversed, and retransmitted (mathematically or physically) into the same scattering medium. We derive two array detectors: the time-reversal channel matched filter when the target channel response is known; and the time-reversal generalized-likelihood ratio test (TR-GLRT) when the target channel response is unknown. The noise added in the initial probing step to the time-reversal signal makes the analysis of the TR-GLRT detector non trivial. The paper derives closed form expressions for the signal-to-noise ratio gain provided by this detector over the corresponding conventional clutter subtraction energy detector in the two extreme conditions of weak and strong (electronic additive) noise and shows that time reversal provides, under weak noise, the optimal waveform shape to probe the environment. We analyze the impact of the array configuration on the detection performance. Finally, experiments with electromagnetic data collected in a multipath scattering laboratory environment confirm our analytical results. Under the realistic conditions tested, time reversal provides detection gains over conventional detection that range from 2 to 4.7 dB.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 4 )