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Parametric Velocity Synthetic Aperture Radar: Multilook Processing and Its Applications

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5 Author(s)
Jia Xu ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing ; Gang Li ; Ying-Ning Peng ; Xiang-Gen Xia
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Based on a parametric model and some optimum methods, it has been previously proved that parametric velocity synthetic aperture radar (VSAR) may improve the performances of moving target detection and parameter estimation simultaneously. In this paper, multilook processing is studied for parametric VSAR. At first, statistical signal models are established for azimuth multilook processing (AMLP) and range multilook processing (RMLP), respectively. By combining the multiple AMLP sublook pixel vectors, it is shown that the clutter parameter estimation accuracy can be further improved via the maximum-likelihood estimation methods. Meanwhile, based on the adaptive implementation for the optimum processing of VSAR, RMLP can be used to improve slowly moving target detection performance via the noncoherent integration of multiple range sublooks. Furthermore, it is shown that the Doppler frequencies of moving targets vary linearly with different range sublooks due to the different carrier frequencies of sublooks. Therefore, based on a proposed novel two-step multilook diversity (TS-MLD) estimator for RMLP, the "azimuth location ambiguity" of VSAR can be well resolved via least squares linear regression, without configuration change of the conventional VSAR. Also, the estimation accuracy of target's unambiguous Doppler frequency, as well as target's azimuth location, is derived for the proposed TS-MLD method. Finally, numerical experiments and scene simulations are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed multilook-based methods.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 11 )