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Single trial electroencephalogram (EEG) classification is essential in developing brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). However, popular classification algorithms, e.g., common spatial patterns (CSP), usually highly depend on the prior neurophysiologic knowledge for noise removing, although this knowledge is not always known in practical applications. In this paper, a novel tensor-based scheme is proposed for single trial EEG classification, which performs well without the prior neurophysiologic knowledge. In this scheme, EEG signals are represented in the spatial-spectral-temporal domain by the wavelet transform, the multilinear discriminative subspace is reserved by the general tensor discriminant analysis (GTDA), redundant indiscriminative patterns are removed by Fisher score, and the classification is conducted by the support vector machine (SVM). Applications to three datasets confirm the effectiveness and the robustness of the proposed tensor scheme in analyzing EEG signals, especially in the case of lacking prior neurophysiologic knowledge.
Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:17 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: April 2009