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Effective lateral modulations with applications to shear modulus reconstruction using displacement vector measurement

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3 Author(s)
Sumi, Chikayoshi ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Sophia Univ., Tokyo ; Noro, T. ; Tanuma, A.

High accuracy in measuring target motions can be realized by combined use of our previously developed lateral Gaussian envelope cosine modulation method (LGECMM) and displacement vector measurement methods that enable simultaneous axial and lateral displacement measurements, such as the multidimensional autocorrelation method (MAM). In this paper, LGECMM is improved by using parabolic functions and Hanning windows instead of Gaussian functions in the apodization function, i.e., parabolic apodization and Hanning apodization. The new modulations enable decreases in effective aperture length (i.e., channels) and yield more accurate displacement vector measurements than LGECMM due to increased echo signal-to-noise ratio and lateral spatial resolution. That is, on the basis of a priori knowledge about ultrasound propagation using the focusing scheme and shape of the apodization function, we stopped using Fraunhofer approximation. As practical applications of the modulations, for an agar phantom that is deformed in a lateral direction, stable and accurate 2-D shear modulus reconstructions are performed using our previously developed direct inversion approach together with 2-D strain tensor measurements using MAM.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 12 )