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NOAA-AVHRR Orbital Drift Correction From Solar Zenithal Angle Data

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4 Author(s)
Sobrino, J.A. ; Dept. of Earth Phys. & Thermodynamics, Univ. of Valencia, Burjassot ; Julien, Y. ; Atitar, M. ; Nerry, F.

This paper presents a new method for NOAA's (National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration) orbital drift correction. This method is pixel-based, and in opposition with most methods previously developed, does not need explicit knowledge of land cover. This method is applied to AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) channel information, and relies only on the additional knowledge of solar zenithal angle (SZA) and acquisition date information. In a first step, anomalies in SZA and channel time series are retrieved, and screened out for anomalous values. Then, the part of the parameter anomaly which is explained by SZA anomaly is removed from the data, to estimate new parameter anomalies, and this iteratively until the influence of SZA anomalies is totally removed from the parameter data. This correction has been applied to bimonthly AVHRR data provided by the GIMMS group (Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies), covering Africa from November 2000 to December 2006. NDVI and LST (land surface temperature) have been estimated from raw and corrected data, and averaged over homogeneous vegetation classes. Differences between raw and corrected averaged parameters show an improvement in the quality of the data. In order to validate this method, a whole week (10 to 17 July 2004) of METEOSAT SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager) data have been used, from which LST have been estimated using a similar method to the one used to retrieve LST from AVHRR data. The comparison between both platforms at the same time of acquisition shows good concordance.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 12 )