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Adaptive gamma processing of the video cameras for the expansion of the dynamic range

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4 Author(s)
Sakaue, S. ; Audio & Video Res. Lab., Matsushita Commun. Ind. Co. Ltd., Japan ; Nakayama, M. ; Tamura, A. ; Maruno, S.

The authors have developed a new method for the expansion of the dynamic range of a video camera. A variable and nonlinear gamma characteristic is applied to the input image depending on the distribution of the luminance. The gamma characteristic is decided so as to amplify the luminance of the dark pixels and to preserve the contrast of the bright pixels for the back-lit objects. The output luminance equals the input luminance for the front-lit objects. The authors have established the decision rule of the gamma characteristic using the learning algorithms of the neural networks in order to make the decision rule coincide with the human vision. The effect of the new method is expansion of the dynamic range by 9.6 dB. The authors have developed a new structure for the implementation of the gamma decision rule. It consists of a cascade connection of RAMs and its scale is less than 1/100 than the conventional structure with a single RAM. They have implemented the adaptive gamma processing in a consumer video camera

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Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 3 )