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LED lighting system supplied by batteries is one of effective solutions to vehicle and photovoltaic lighting systems. In order to improve lighting performance and prolong the life of LEDs and batteries, this paper proposes a novel intelligent controller for LED lighting systems. Stage constant current (SCC) control strategy is proposed, which determines the optimal working current of LEDs (Iref) according to their ambient temperature and the capacity of batteries. For implementing SCC control strategy, a new control algorithm of double current loops and feedforward (DCLF) control is proposed based on Boost converter with constant current source. Both output current and inductor current are used as feedback control variables and input voltage is employed as feedforward compensation in the proposed algorithm. Simulations have been conducted using PSIM software; and based on that, a 50 W photovoltaic LED lighting system has been developed to implement a serial of comparative experiments. The results show the advantages and validity of DCLF algorithm, such as excellent dynamic performance and good robustness.