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A GTD-based parametric model for radar scattering

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4 Author(s)
Potter, L.C. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, USA ; Da-Ming Chiang ; Carriere, R. ; Gerry, M.J.

This paper presents a new approach to scattering center extraction based on a scattering model derived from the geometrical theory of diffraction (GTD). For stepped frequency measurements at high frequencies, the model is better matched to the physical scattering process than the damped exponential model and conventional Fourier analysis. In addition to determining downrange distance, energy, and polarization, the GTD-based model extracts frequency dependent scattering information, allowing partial identification of scattering center geometry. We derive expressions for the Cramer-Rao bound of this model; using these expressions, we analyze the behavior of the new model as a function of scatterer separation, bandwidth, number of data points, and noise level. Additionally, a maximum likelihood algorithm is developed for estimation of the model parameters. We present estimation results using data measured on a compact range to validate the proposed modeling procedure

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 10 )