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An integrated fifth-order continuous-time low-pass filter for a WiMedia ultrawideband radio receiver is described in this paper. The prototype filter is realized with a passive pole at the filter input and a fourth-order leapfrog filter in which the gm-C technique with pseudodifferential transconductors is used. The transconductors do not include internal nodes, and they are designed to have a nominal 26-dB dc gain, of which process, voltage, and temperature variations are controlled by means of a negative resistance circuit. The losses of the low-dc-gain filter integrators are already taken into account in the filter synthesis. The passband edge frequency of the implemented filter is 240 MHz in order to receive multiband-orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing signals using the direct-conversion topology. The voltage gain of the filter can be controlled from 9 to 43 dB in the 1-dB gain steps. The filter achieves a 7.8-nVradicHz input-referred noise density, a -8-dBV out-of-band third-order intermodulation intercept point, and a +15-dBV out-of-band second-order intermodulation intercept point. The circuit uses a 1.2-V supply and has been fabricated in a modern 65-nm CMOS technology.
Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:56 , Issue: 7 )
Date of Publication: July 2009