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Model-based 2D&3D dominant motion estimation for mosaicing and video representation

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3 Author(s)
Sawhney, H.S. ; Machine Vision Group, IBM Almaden Res. Center, San Jose, CA, USA ; Ayer, S. ; Gorkani, M.

It is fairly common in video sequences that a mostly fixed background (scene) is imaged with or without objects. The dominant background changes in the image plane mostly due to camera operations and motion (zoom, pan, tilt, track etc.). We address the problem of computation of the dominant image transformation over time and demonstrate how this can be effectively used for efficient video representation through video mosaicing and image registration. We formulate the problem of dominant component estimation as that of model based robust estimation using M estimators with direct, multi resolution methods. In addition to 2D affine and plane projective models, that have been used in the past for describing image motion using direct methods, we also employ a true 3D model of motion and scene structure imaged with uncalibrated cameras. This model parameterizes the image motion as that due to a planar component and a parallax component. For rigid 3D scenes imaged under camera motion only, least squares (LS) methods with the plane and parallax parameterization are also presented. Furthermore, in the context of robust estimation, in contrast with previous approaches for similar problems, our algorithm employs an automatic computation of a scale parameter that is crucial in rejecting the non dominant components as outliers

Published in:

Computer Vision, 1995. Proceedings., Fifth International Conference on

Date of Conference:

20-23 Jun 1995