By Topic

Time-Frequency Formulation for the Nonlinear Analysis of Coupled Phase-Locked Loops

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Dominguez, J. ; Commun. Eng. Dept., Univ. of Cantabria, Santander ; Sancho, S. ; Suarez, A.

In this work, harmonic balance (HB) and envelope- transient formulations of coupled phase-locked loops (CPLLs) are presented. The CPLL has the added difficulty of its autonomous behavior since no reference oscillator is present. The new formulation takes into account the autonomy of the system, introducing a special set of state variables, which depend on the autonomous frequencies. The hysteresis phenomenon in CPLLs is analyzed in detail, efficiently obtaining the pull-in and hold-in ranges through HB. The pole analysis of the perturbed HB system enables an accurate prediction of instabilities and resonances. Due to the CPLL autonomy, there exists an inherent noise accumulation effect. This effect is taken into account, analyzing the perturbation in terms of accumulation and deviation components. The envelope formulation allows simulating the CPLL behavior in the presence of modulation signals. The influence of the stability of the steady-state solution on the modulated signals is investigated. The simulation results have been successfully compared with the measurements in a manufactured CPLL system at 2 GHz.

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 12 )