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In this paper, a local multilevel fast multipole algorithm (LMLFMA) based on an improved electric field integral equation (IEFIE) is developed to achieve fast and efficient solution of electromagnetic scattering from 3-D conducting structures. The IEFIE is used to reduce iteration number, and LMLFMA is applied to further accelerate the computation of matrix-vector multiplications in iteration, in which only the local interactions between subscatterers are taken into account. Numerical results show that the present method attains faster iterative convergence than traditional EFIE and less computational cost than MLFMA. The speedup can achieve at least 4-5 times while keeping an rms error of less than 2 dB.