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Nowadays, face detection and recognition have gained importance in security and information access. In this paper, an efficient method of face detection based on principal components analysis (PCA) and support vector machine (SVM) is proposed. It firsly filter the face potential area using statistical feature which is generated by analyzing local histogram distribution. And then, SVM classifier is used to detect face feature in the test image, SVM has great performance in classification task. PCA is used to reduce dimension of sample data. After PCA transform, the feature vectors, which are used for training SVM classifier, are generated. Our tests in this paper are based on CMU face database. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is encouraging with a successful detection rate.