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This letter deals with the problems of retrieving height and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) reflectivity of layovered terrain using multibaseline SAR interferometry (InSAR). In particular, we focus on the wideband array problem caused by practically large InSAR arrays and high-resolution SAR images, i.e., the problem of signal envelope misalignment, which is neglected in the work by Gini We propose two methods to eliminate or mitigate the effect of envelope misalignment, one called the aligning method and the other called the joint range cell processing method. In the aligning method, we align each signal envelope for each searched height of the layovered components (i.e., ground resolution cells with different altitudes) during searching procedure. The joint range cell processing method jointly processes the neighboring cells in range to estimate the parameters of layovered components so that the effect of the envelope misalignment can be mitigated. Theoretical analysis and computer simulation results show that both methods have the ability to provide accurate estimation of the heights and radar reflectivities of multiple layovered resolution cells in the presence of large envelope misalignments.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2008