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Online user modeling with Gaussian Processes for Bayesian plan recognition during power-wheelchair steering

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4 Author(s)
Huntemann, A. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Katholieke Univ. Leuven, Leuven ; Demeester, E. ; Nuttin, M. ; Van Brussel, H.

Many elderly and disabled people experience difficulties when maneuvering an electric wheelchair. In order to make wheelchair driving a safer and more comfortable experience, there has long been the claim to equip wheelchairs with some form of intelligent controller assisting in difficult or unsafe situations. It has been observed that every user presents different symptoms causing a specific driving pattern. Therefore, if the user is to be helped and not frustrated, his/her particular driving behavior should be taken into account when assisting him/her. In this paper we present a general user modeling technique for our Bayesian framework for plan recognition and shared wheelchair control. Plan recognition corresponds to estimating the plan a user has in mind. Assistive actions can then be taken based on the estimated user plan. A user modeling technique based on Gaussian processes has been selected, which can be adapted online to any type of driving style. The potential of Gaussian processes for user modeling is illustrated on a case study with a disabled patient suffering from spastic quadriplegia.

Published in:

Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2008. IROS 2008. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on

Date of Conference:

22-26 Sept. 2008