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Spatio-temporal pattern recognition using hidden Markov models

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2 Author(s)
Fielding, K.H. ; US Air Force Inst. of Technol., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, USA ; Ruck, D.W.

A spatio-temporal method for identifying objects contained in an image sequence is presented. The Hidden Markov Model (HMM) technique is used as the classification algorithm, making classification decisions based on a spatio-temporal sequence of observed object features. A five class problem is considered. Classification accuracies of 100% and 99.7%, are obtained for sequences of images generated over two separate regions of viewing positions. HMMs trained on image sequences of the objects moving in opposite directions showed a 98.1% successful classification rate by class and direction of movement. The HMM technique proved robust to image corruption with additive correlated noise and had a higher accuracy than a single-look nearest neighbor method. A real image sequence of one of the objects used was successfully recognized with the HMMs trained on synthetic data. This study shows the temporal changes that observed feature vectors undergo due to object motion hold information that can yield superior classification accuracy when compared with single-frame techniques.<>

Published in:

Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Oct. 1995

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