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In multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) systems, spatial multiplexing can be employed to increase the throughput without the need for multiple antennas and expensive signal processing at the user equipments. In theory, MU-MIMO is also more immune to most of propagation limitations plaguing single-user MIMO (SU-MIMO) systems, such as channel rank loss or antenna correlation. In this paper we compare the performance of different linear MU-MIMO precoding schemes using real channel measurement data. The measurement data has been acquired using Eurecompsilas MIMO Openair Sounder (EMOS). The EMOS can perform real-time MIMO channel measurements synchronously over multiple users. The results show that MU-MIMO provides a higher throughput than SU-MIMO also in the measured channels. However, the throughput in the measured channels is by far worse than the one in channels without spatial correlation. Of all the evaluated linear precoding schemes, the MMSE precoder performs best in the measured channels.
Date of Conference: 6-9 July 2008