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Parental action modification highlighting the goal versus the means

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2 Author(s)
Nagai, Y. ; Res. Inst. for Cognition & Robot., Bielefeld Univ., Bielefeld ; Rohlfing, K.J.

Parents significantly alter their infant-directed actions compared to adult-directed ones, which is assumed to assist the infantspsila processing of the actions. This paper discusses differences in parental action modification depending on whether the goal or the means is more crucial. When demonstrating a task to an infant, parents try to emphasize the important aspects of the task by suppressing or adding their movement. Our hypothesis is that in a goal-crucial task, the initial and final states of the task should be highlighted by parental actions, whereas in a means-crucial task the movement is underlined. Our analysis using a saliency-based attention model partially verified it: When focusing on the goal, parents tended to emphasize the initial and final states of the objects used in the task by taking a long pause before/after they started/fulfilled the task. When focusing on the means, parents shook the object to highlight it, which consequently made its state invisible. We discuss our findings regarding the uniqueness and commonality of the parental action modification. We also describe our contribution to the development of robots capable of imitating human actions.

Published in:

Development and Learning, 2008. ICDL 2008. 7th IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

9-12 Aug. 2008

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