Skip to Main Content
This paper reports a fully monolithic subthreshold CMOS receiver with integrated subthreshold quadrature LO chain for 2.4 GHz WPAN applications. Subthreshold operation, passive voltage boosting, and various low-power circuit techniques such as current reuse, stacking, and differential cross coupling have been combined to lower the total power consumption. The subthreshold receiver, consisting of the switched-gain low noise amplifier, the quadrature mixers, and the variable gain amplifiers, consumes only 1.4 mW of power and has a gain of 43 dB and a noise figure of 5 dB. The entire quadrature LO chain, including a stacked quadrature VCO and differential cross-coupled buffers, also operates in the subthreshold region and consumes a total power of 1.2 mW. The subthreshold receiver with integrated LO generation is implemented in a 0.18 mum CMOS process. The receiver has a 3-dB IF bandwidth of 95 MHz.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2008