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Bilateral control systems are strongly required to apply to endoscopic surgeries. It is necessary that the system has enough degrees of freedom for applying various operation procedures including endoscopic surgery. When the degrees of freedom of the system are increased, the amount of control calculation is also increased, and it is hard to keep sampling periods short. The bilateral control systems, however, require comparatively shorter sampling periods, particularly the control system based on an acceleration control system. Hence, it is a difficult issue to increase the degrees of freedom of the bilateral control system. In this paper, the sampling period is kept short in the multidegree of freedom system by using field programmable gate arrays as processors. The bilateral control system based on the acceleration control system is implemented in a robot system, which has 12 DOF, and some experimental results are shown, and the errors between the response of the master and slave robots are discussed.
Date of Publication: March 2009