Skip to Main Content
Entropy, alpha, and anisotropy (H/alpha/A) of the polarimetric target decomposition have been an effective and popular tool for polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image analysis and for a geophysical parameter estimation. However, multilook processing can severely affect the values of these parameters. In this paper, a Monte Carlo simulation is used to evaluate and remove the bias generated by the multilook effect on these parameters for various media composed of grassland, forest, and urban returns. Due to insufficient averaging, entropy is underestimated, and anisotropy is overestimated. We also found that the bias in the alpha angle can be either underestimated or overestimated depending on scattering mechanisms. Based on simulation results, efficient bias removal procedures have been developed. In particular, the entropy bias can be precisely corrected, and the amount of correction is independent of the radar frequency and SAR systems. Data from L-band Advanced Land Observing Satellite/phased array type L-band SAR, German Aerospace Research Center (DLR)/enhanced SAR, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)/airborne SAR, and X-band polarimetric and interferometric SAR are used for demonstration in this paper.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:46 , Issue: 10 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2008