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Improved Classification of VHR Images of Urban Areas Using Directional Morphological Profiles

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6 Author(s)
Bellens, R. ; Dept. for Telecommun. & Inf. Process., Ghent Univ., Ghent ; Sidharta Gautama ; Martinez-Fonte, L. ; Philips, W.
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Meter to submeter resolution satellite images have generated new interests in extracting man-made structures in the urban area. However, classification accuracies for such purposes are far from satisfactory. Spectral characteristics of urban land cover classes are so similar that they cannot be separated using only spectral information. As a result, there is an increased interest in incorporating geometrical information. One possible approach is the use of morphological profiles (MPs). In this paper, we introduce two improvements on the use of MPs. Current approaches use disk-shaped structuring elements (SEs) to derive an MP. This profile contains information about the minimum dimension of objects. In this paper, we extend this approach by using linear SEs. This results in a profile containing information about the maximum object dimension. We show that the addition of the line-based MP gives a substantial improvement of the classification result. A second improvement is achieved by using ldquopartial morphological reconstructionrdquo instead of the normal morphological reconstruction. Morphological reconstruction is commonly used to better preserve the shape of objects. However, we show that this leads to ldquoover-reconstructionrdquo in typical remote sensing images and a decreased classification performance. With ldquopartial reconstruction,rdquo we are able to overcome this problem and still preserve the shape of objects.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 10 )