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Recent research has demonstrated the value of polarimetric measurements for the correction of rain-path attenuation at X-band radar frequency and the estimation of rain parameters including drop-size distributions (DSD). The issue this paper is concerned with is to what degree uncertainties in attenuation correction can affect the estimation of DSD. Since attenuation-correction uncertainty enhances with rain path, our hypothesis is that DSD retrieval uncertainty at X-band may deteriorate with range. In this paper, we evaluate the relative accuracy of X-band DSD retrieval against DSD estimates from S-band radar observations and in situ disdrometer spectra. We present comparisons of various techniques for estimating DSD model parameters from attenuation-corrected X-band dual-polarization radar data. Coincident X-band polarimetric-radar (XPOL) and S-band polarimetric-radar dual-polarized radar measurements from the International H2O Project experiment as well as coincident XPOL (MP-X) measurements over disdrometer during a typhoon storm case in Japan are used to assess the accuracy of the different DSD retrieval algorithms applied to X-band radar measurements.