By Topic

Improved Light Extraction Efficiency in AlGaInP Light-Emitting Diodes by Applying a Periodic Texture on the Surface

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
Liang-Jyi Yan ; Adv. Optoelectron. Technol. Center, Nat. Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan ; J. K. Sheu ; Wei-Chih Wen ; Tien-Fu Liao
more authors

In this letter, AlGaInP-GaP-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were fabricated with an Si substrate and an SiO2-ITO-Ag omni-directional reflector using a metal-to-metal bonding technique. To enhance light extraction efficiency, a periodic texture was applied to the (Al0.5Ga0.5)0.5In0.5P surface layer of AlGaInP-Si LEDs by photolithography and a wet etching process. The exterior of the etched texture consists of a series of bowl-shaped recesses. With a 350-mA current injection, the typical output power of the AlGaInP-Si LEDs with and without the textured surface (LED-I and LED-II, respectively) were measured at approximately 118 and 81 mW, respectively, when the LED chips were bonded on the TO 46 without resin encapsulation. The enhancement of output power in LED-I can be attributed to a multitude of bowl-shaped notches on the surface, which resulted in a reduction of the reabsorption probability of the photons due to the fact that the photon path length in LED-I is shorter than in LED-II before the photons escape into the free space.

Published in:

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 20 )