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In radar imaging, it is well known that relative motion or deformations of parts of illuminated objects induce additional features in the Doppler frequency spectrum. These features are called micro-Doppler effect and appear as sidebands around the central Doppler frequency. They can provide valuable information about the structure of the moving parts and may be used for identification purposes. Previous papers have mostly focused on 1D micro-Doppler analysis. The authors propose to emphasise the analysis of such `non-stationary targets` using a 2D imaging space, using both the micro-Doppler and a high-range resolution analysis. As in 2D-ISAR imaging, range separation enables to better discriminate the various effects caused by the time-varying reflectors. The study is focused on two different common examples: rotating wheels and human motion. With the help of micro-Doppler signature, information on the geometrical features of wheels (position, orientation) and on the gait of pedestrians can be extracted. Examples will be shown with simulated and experimental data.
Date of Publication: September 2008