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Using the grey system theory and the monitored data from the monitoring section of Yingsu, this paper models the groundwater level dynamic in the lower reaches of Tarim River affected by water delivery from upper reaches. The main conclusions are: (1) discharging volume, running days for water delivery and daily discharging volume, which related with water delivery from the upper reaches of Tarim River, are three main factors that markedly control and affect the groundwater level. (2) The sensitivity of groundwater level changing respond to itself becomes more and more lower versus the distance apart from river center, and the affection from discharging volume and running days for water delivery to the change rate of groundwater level becomes more and more significant with increase of the distance apart from river center. Water delivery not only markedly controls and raises the groundwater level near river, but also affects the groundwater level as far as the range in the distance of 1050 m apart from river center.