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Structure and Magnetic Properties of Sn _{1 - {\rm x}} Co _{\rm x} O _{2} Powder and Film

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5 Author(s)
Yalu Zuo ; Key Lab. for Magn. & Magn. Mater., Lanzhou Univ., Lanzhou ; Ge, Shihui ; Zhang, Li ; Xueyun Zhou
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We have studied room-temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) in Sn1 - xCoxO2 powders and films fabricated by the sol-gel method. Our X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results show that all the samples have a pure rutile structure, and Co ions have a chemical valence of 2+. In addition, the magnetic moment per Co ion drops rapidly with the increase of Co content. Interestingly, Sn 1 - xCo xO 2 films spin-coated on a Si (111) substrate have much larger magnetic moment than powder samples, because film samples have larger domain volumes, which may induce stronger long-range magnetic exchange coupling.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 10 )