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Image quality evaluation with a new phase rotation beamformer

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4 Author(s)
Anup Agarwal ; Image Computing Systems Laboratory Departments of Electrical Engineering and BioengineeringUniversity of Washington, Seattle, WA (e-mail: ; Fabio Kurt Schneider ; Yang Mo Yoo ; Yongmin Kim

Over the last few decades, dynamic focusing based on digital receive beamforming (DRBF) has led to significant improvements in image quality. However, it is computationally very demanding due to its requirement for multiple lowpass filters (e.g., a complex filter for each receive channel in quadrature demodulation-based phase rotation beamform- ers (QD-PRBF)). We recently developed a novel phase rotation beamformer with reduced complexity, which can lower: 1) the number of lowpass filters using 2-stage demodulation (TSD) and 2) the number of beamforming points using adap tive field-of-view (AFOV) imaging. In TSD, dynamic focusing is performed on the mixed signals, while sampling frequency of the beamformed signal (i.e., beamforming frequency) is adjusted based on the displayed field-of-view (FOV) size in AFOV imaging. In this paper, the image quality of the developed beamformer (i.e., TSD-AFOV-PRBF) has been quantitatively evaluated using phantom and in vivo data. From the phantom study, it was found that TSD-AFOV-PRBF with only 1024 beamforming points provides comparable image quality to QD-PRBF. We obtained a median contrast resolution (CR) degradation of 7.6% for the FOV size of 160 mm. Image quality steadily improves with FOV size reduction (e.g., 2.3% CR degradation at 85 mm). Similar results were also obtained from an in vivo study. Thus, TSD-AFOV-PRBF could provide comparable image quality to conventional beamformers at considerably reduced computational cost.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 9 )