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This paper describes a time domain technique for the detection of fundamental and harmonic components of voltages and currents, which is able to evaluate all the quantities required by IEEE standard 1459-2000. The technique does not require any spectral analysis to separate the fundamental positive-sequence components from harmonic, negative-sequence and zero-sequence ones. In the paper the development of the proposed technique is presented for three-phase systems, both three-wires and four-wires, as well as for single-phase systems. The implementation of the proposed technique on a PC-based instrument is also described and experimental results are presented. Finally, accuracy specifications are investigated in the presence of the measurement transducers.