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Optimal Variable Step-Size NLMS Algorithms With Auxiliary Noise Power Scheduling for Feedforward Active Noise Control

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2 Author(s)
Alberto Carini ; Inf. Sci. & Technol. Inst., Univ. of Urbino "Carlo Bo", Urbino ; Silvia Malatini

The paper introduces two improvements in the feedforward active noise control system with online secondary path modeling developed by Akhtar, Abe, and Kawamata: (1) optimal variable step-size parameters are derived for the adaptation algorithms of the secondary path modeling filter and of the control filter and (2) a self-tuning power scheduling for the auxiliary noise is introduced. The proposed power scheduling is chosen so that in every operating condition a specific ratio between the powers at the error microphone of the auxiliary noise and of the residual noise is achieved. It is shown that for the same auxiliary noise conditions the adaptation algorithms equipped with the optimal variable step-size parameters improve the convergence speed of the system and the estimation accuracy of the secondary path and of the optimal control filter. It is also shown that, compared with a fixed power auxiliary noise, the power scheduling of the auxiliary noise is capable to better meet the conflicting requirements of fast convergence speed of the secondary path modeling filter and of low residual noise in steady state conditions.

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IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 8 )