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Analysis and Application of Particular Current Signatures (Symptoms) for Cage Monitoring in Nonsinusoidally Fed Motors With High Rejection to Drive Load, Inertia, and Frequency Variations

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1 Author(s)
Claudio Bruzzese ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome

In this paper, some original and effective fault indicators for broken-bar detection in power squirrel-cage induction motors are presented. A motor phase-current signature analysis can be performed by evaluating the typical ratios I (7 - 2s)f /I 5f and I (5 + 2s)f I 7f, I (13 - 2s)f /I 11 f and I (11 + 2s)f /I 13f , etc., which appear in the phase-current spectrum of faulted motors fed by nonsinusoidal voltage sources. The main advantages of the new indicators are the following: (1) accentuate insensitivity to disturbs such as load torque, drive inertia, and frequency variations; (2) low dependence with respect to machine parameters (except the pole number); and (3) linear dependence on fault gravity. They can be directly applied on motors fed by open-loop low-switching frequency gate turn-off/thyristor converters. Railway traction drives are possible targets. Application to mains-fed motors can be tried too, if suitable harmonics are present in the plant supply. A detailed analytical formulation for fault indicators is furnished, based on the multiphase symmetrical component theory; theoretical results have been supported by experimental work, performed by using a motor with an appositely prepared cage, and successively, method validation was achieved on three other industrial motors.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 12 )