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Analytical model of Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors for NEMS applications

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2 Author(s)
Bashirul Polash ; Department of Electrical Engineering, The University of Texas-Pan America, Edinburg, 78541, USA ; Hasina F. Huq

The recent developments of carbon nanotube field effect transistor (CNTFET) technology indicate the perspective of the nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are ideal candidates for NEMS due to their chemical and physical structures, low masses and exceptional stiffness. An analytical representation of (CNT) based field effect transistor is developed for high frequency NEMS applications to examine the characteristics observed from the fabricated devices. The metal-nanotube contacts in the CNTFETs are treated as Schottky barriers and analyzed by means of a ballistic model. The famous Landauer formula is used to calculate the conductance of the tube by relating the energy dependant transmission probability within the tight binding approximation of the CNTFET. Transmission function of the CNT is expressed in terms of the Greenpsilas functions of the conductors and the coupling of the conductor leads. The Greenpsilas function is incorporated with the transfer Hamiltonian approach to calculate the tunneling currents. The non-equilibrium Greenpsilas function transport equation is solved iteratively along with a 2D Poisson equation to improve the numerical convergence. The charge density is calculated by integrating the 1D universal density-of-states along with the source-drain Fermi-Dirac distribution function over energy within the energy gap of the CNT. The calculations show that the proposed device can perform stable operation at high current levels (670 muA/mum). Upper limits of device characteristics are considered for the model. Degradation in measured data is observed due to the limitations in device fabrication technology and imperfect contact placement on the CNT.

Published in:

2008 51st Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems

Date of Conference:

10-13 Aug. 2008