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A congestion-controlled optical burst switching network that offers connection guarantees was designed to handle bursts as short as 100 ms with switching within 10 ms in networks less than 200 km long. Its optical burst switching (OBS) is based on circuit switching, and transport is by optical burst paths. Five metrics are proposed for evaluating OBS network performance. The application area to be laid and the data application were determined in accordance with the design target. Given a reasonable burst block probability requirement, design criteria are developed on the basis of wavelength switching and conversion implementation. OBS network performance is tested in field trials on the Japan Gigabit Network II testbed. Fast congestion control through the use of precalculated detour routes is demonstrated.