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This paper introduces a new definition of stochastic protocols for networked control systems (NCS) and the stochastic analog of the notion of uniform persistency of excitation of protocols first presented in the Proceedings of the 44th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control. Our framework applies directly to common wireless and wireline NCS, including those built on carrier-sense multiple access (CSMA) style protocols, with Ethernet and 802.11a/b/g as prime examples of this class. We present conditions for a general class of nonlinear NCS with exogenous disturbances using stochastic protocols in the presence of packet dropouts, random packet transmission times and collisions that are sufficient for LP stability from exogenous disturbance to NCS state with a linear finite expected gain. Within the same framework, we extend the results of Nesic and Teel (see IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 49, no. 10, pp. 1650-1667, Oct. 2004) to provide an analysis of deterministic protocols, including try-once-discard (TOD), in the presence of random packet dropouts and intertransmission times and provide a stochastic analog of the Lyapunov-theoretic stability properties for network protocols introduced therein.
Date of Publication: June 2008