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IP Watermarking Using Incremental Technology Mapping at Logic Synthesis Level

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3 Author(s)
Aijiao Cui ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore ; Chip Hong Chang ; SofiÈne Tahar

This paper proposes an adaptive watermarking technique by modulating some closed cones in an originally optimized logic network (master design) for technology mapping. The headroom of each disjoint closed cone is evaluated based on its slack and slack sustainability. The notion of slack sustainability in conjunction with an embedding threshold enables closed cones in the critical path to be qualified as watermark hosts if their slacks can be better preserved upon remapping. The watermark is embedded by remapping only qualified disjoint closed cones randomly selected and templates constrained by the signature. This parametric formulation provides a means to capitalize on the headroom of a design to increase the signature length or strengthen the watermark resilience. With the master design, the watermarked design can be authenticated as in nonoblivious media watermarking. Experimental results show that the design can be efficiently marked by our method with low overhead.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 9 )