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A controller is proposed for the robust backstepping control of a class of nonlinear pure-feedback systems using fuzzy logic. The proposed control scheme utilizes fuzzy logic systems to learn the behavior of the unknown plant dynamics. Filtered signals are employed to circumvent algebraic loop problems encountered in the implementation of the usual controllers, and the approximation errors can be efficiently counteracted by employing smooth robust compensators. Most importantly, the uniform ultimate boundedness of all signals in the closed-loop system can be guaranteed, and a priori knowledge of the plant dynamics is no longer required. Furthermore, the proposed method can be used for adaptive control of a large class of single-input--single-output nonlinear systems in both strict-feedback and pure-feedback forms, and has great potential in many diverse applications. The performance of the proposed approach is demonstrated through three simulation examples, including one nonlinear pure-feedback and two nonlinear strict-feedback systems.